Handwriting fluency is fundamental to learning because children think and write at the same time. When we teach children to write, we also teach them how to express themselves. If they struggle to form their letters, their ability to express themselves will suffer. Children who don't master handwriting may be slow, sloppy, or illegible writers. Spelling and math are also affected.

  • Studies have estimated that between 10 to 30 percent of elementary school children struggle with handwriting (Karlsdottir & Stephansson, 2002, as cited in Feder & Majnemer, 2007).
  • Children with poor handwriting skills will also have difficulty in other academic areas. Recent research implies that handwriting is critical to the production of creative and well-written text (Graham and Harris, 2005).
  • The addition of handwritten components to many state standardized assessments and of a handwritten essay to the College Board SAT in 2005 further emphasize the importance of handwriting.
  • According to a study published in 1992 (McHale & Cermak), 85 percent of all fine motor time in second-, fourth-, and sixth-grade classrooms was spent on paper and pencil activities.
  • Handwriting is an essential skill for both children and adults (Feder & Majnemer, 2007).

Download the Arizona State Handwriting Standards